AXIAL EXPANSION JOINTS

Axial expansion joints are designed to absorb axial movements (extension and compression in its longitudinal axial direction). The thermal expansion of a straight pipe line section between two fix points can be absorbed by axial expansion joints with a relatively compact build-in length. This offers a simple and cost efficient solution in terms of movement compensation.

Axial expansion joints can be equipped with all kinds of connectors, such as welding ends or welded or loose (rotatable) flanges.

DIMENSIONS

Belman design and manufacture a wide range of axial expansion joints.

Customised solutions
As customised solutions joints lateral expansion joints are available in all sizes up to DN 12.000, all designs and all materials.

Standard solutions
As standard solutions lateral expansion joints are available in size range DN 25 – 2200.

AXIAL EXPANSION JOINT TYPES

AXIAL
with loose flanges

AX1BU / ID no. 41
DN 25 – 2200
PN 2,5 – 25
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AXIAL
with welded flanges

AX1FU / ID no. 42
DN 25 – 2200
PN 2,5 – 25
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AXIAL
with welding ends

AX1SU / ID no. 43
DN 25 – 2200
PN 2,5 – 40
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Expansion joint

CATALOGUE

Comprehensive technical data and selection criteria for +3500 standard metallic expansion joints.

CUSTOMISED AXIAL EXPANSION JOINTS

SPECIAL CONNECTION ENDS

Power plant, Sri Lanka

OCTAGON FLANGES

Chemical plant, China

SPECIAL CONNECTION ENDS

Power plant, Sri Lanka

OCTAGON FLANGES

Chemical plant, China

AXIAL WITH INNER SLEEVE

Fertilizer, Pakistan

COMBINATION OF CIRCULAR AND RECTANGULAR ENDS

Power plant, Denmark

AXIAL WITH INNER SLEEVE

Fertilizer, Pakistan

COMBINATION OF CIRCULAR AND RECTANGULAR ENDS

Power plant, Denmark

TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION

Axial movement
Axial movement is considered as an elongation or compression of the pipe system in its longitudinal axis, meaning that in the process of absorbing the movements, the overall length of the expansion joint will either extend or compress.

Axial expansion joints which are designed to absorb large movements, can contain one, two or several bellows in one unit, and larger movements can also be achieved by pre-tensioning or by installing several expansion joints on the pipe section. Depending on the nominal diameter and length, axial expansion joints have the ability to absorb minor lateral and angular deflections and installation tolerances. However, we recommend the utilisation should be limited to its main function, otherwise its service life may be negatively impaired.

Where there is a need for absorption other than that of axial movements, we strongly recommend alternative options and Belman will be pleased to provide its professional advice.

Definitions
Axial movement is shown as AX and stated in mm. Compression and elongation is indicated as negative (-) and positive (+).

Example
Elongation +10 and compression -20 will be shown as: AX +10/-20 mm. Equal longitudinal movements are shown as: AX +/-20 mm (2δN).

APPLICATION

Having the ability to compensate for axial movements and with its simple and compact overall dimensions, axial expansion joints are very widely used within a range of applications. They are especially common in long pipe runs, examples of which would include exhaust systems, ventilation and flue gas systems, district heating, steam, oil and gas pipe systems.

ADVANTAGES & REQUIREMENTS

Advantages

  • Simple solution for compensation of temperature fluctuations
  • No change in the flow direction
  • Compact and space saving solution
  • Relatively low cost

Requirements

  • Strong fix points and good guides are required
  • Large movements require utilisation of several axial expansion joints
  • Many fix points and guides are needed for long pipe sections
  • Higher costs for fix points and guides

PIPE WORK GUIDELINES

INSTALLATION EXAMPLES

Straight piping section with axial expansion joints

This illustrates the importance in the use of the three fix points, as the use of two or more axial expansion joints in a piping section will create an undetermined arrangement.
The amount of movements imposed on each expansion joint is not controlled, as the pipe between the two bellows can move sideward freely in both directions depending on the friction of the pipe supports and the differences in stiffness between the bellows. It is always important to have one axial expansion joint between two fix points.

Axial pipe system expansion in a pipe system with branch connection

Typifies good practice in the use of expansion joints to absorb axial expansion in a pipe system with a branch connection. The fix point at the junction, which in this case is a tee, is designed to absorb the thrust from the expansion joint in the branch line. Note the proximity of each expansion joint to a fix point, the closeness of each first guide (G1), the spacing between the first guide (G1) and the second guide (G2) and the spacing of guides (Gn) along the remainder of each pipe section.

Our experience, your benefit
CUSTOMISED
EXPANSION JOINTS!
If the required/specified expansion joint is not found in our standard product range, please do not hesitate to forward your specifications to us. We are specialised in designing and manufacturing of cost-efficient customised solutions.
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